The United Nations Security Council, one of the indispensable organs of United Nations is chiefly accountable for maintaining and promoting international peace and security. Composed of 15 members, 5 members of the Security Council, China, French Republic, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States of America are permanent and 10 non-permanent members are elected for a term of two years by the General Assembly. The United Nations Security Council works in the direction of probing a situation or a circumstance that may lead to dispute and is a threat to peace and order at international level and suggests remedies in order to settle the disputes to bring about peace around the globe.
Since the end of the Second World War, the Israelis and the Palestinians have been witnessing one of the most tragic and unprecedented conflicts. The issue between both sides concerns mostly land. The issue is that they want the same land. The history of this conflict can be traced back to the rise of Anti-Semitism in the pre-World War II era resulting in the immigration of people to an area which from 1917, officially became known as Palestine. In 1947, the United Nations voted to split the entire area into three parts, one for Arabs (Palestine), one for Jews (Israel) and an international regime in Jerusalem.
The establishment of a Jewish state led to conflict between Israel and the Arab world. These conflicts led Israel to annex Palestinian land and occupy Syrian and Egyptian land. Israel also gained control over the West Bank, a territory designated to the Palestinians. The Israeli occupation marginalised the Palestinians to the Gaza Strip.
In this committee, we shall be discussing the vested interest of the United States of America in the Palestine Crisis and the problem of Jerusalem. We shall also be analysing the role of Hamas, a terrorist group in further aggravating the conflict.